Development area: Social and cultural education

Man is born as a social being. He brings with him primary social needs and is born into a social world. A baby is already transmitting through its appearance and behavioural features social stimuli (e.g. "angel smile," baby cuteness) that ensure that it is accepted by the adult caregivers and cared for. In order for a child to develop healthily, it is dependent on these positive social relationships.

However, the structures and rules of coexistence must be developed during childhood only. Children experience and practice in their social environment, such as overcoming conflicts and negotiating , compromising and in an acceptable way interests can be enforced. The first practice and learning area for creating relationships is provided by the nuclear family (mother, father, siblings). In the crèche or kindergarten, children usually come into a larger children's community for the first time and make this a formative social experience: similarities and differences are found, an awareness of right and wrong is formed and his own values are trained, interests and wishes are expressed, conflicts are recognised and edited, empathy is trained and first friendships are formed.

Children learn to deal with cultural diversity and the diversity of the people as a whole (e.g. language, religion, gender identity, social origin, age, looks, talent) constructively and to deal with sensitively. In the course of childhood awareness forms that each person contributes in his individuality to the diversity of the community. Every human being is at the same time both: similar and different.

The social and cultural development is closely associated with the linguistic and emotional development and thus contributes significantly to the identity and personality development. The expression of emotions plays an important social signal function. In early childhood, communication takes place almost exclusively on emotional signals. The social and cultural development is the basis for building relationships (eg couple relationship, friendship, family) and is a vital prerequisite for social integration.

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